Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Title

Third Annual State Politics and Policy Conference

Publication Date



This paper seeks to contribute to our understanding of the degree of success enjoyed by bills in state legislatures. More specifically, we propose a model of bill success that includes a measure of judicial preferences such that we can ascertain the extent to which judicial ideology and perceived judicial climate constrain legislative behavior. We argue that liberal bills are less likely to be enacted in states where the court of last resort is also liberal as opponents will be concerned that the high court will read the legislation too expansively. There is, thus, additional incentive to mobilize to prevent passage of liberal bills in these states.