Date of Award

Spring 2013

First Advisor

Lindsay Calkins


"From segregation, integration by bussing, and near-bankruptcy, the Cleveland Metropolitan School District’s history is embattled to say the least. The district has struggled to properly educate students for decades. Large metropolitan school districts, like Cleveland, have always faced difficulties in educating its students. The Ohio Department of Education rated the Cleveland Metropolitan School District in “Academic Emergency” for the 2011-2012 academic year; the worst of six academic rankings. Of the largest districts in Ohio, including Columbus, Cincinnati, Akron, Dayton, and Toledo, Cleveland has had the lowest four-year graduation rate every year since 2000, averaging only a 50.97% graduation rate over the eleven-year period.

Drawing from some of the recent research on public education, this study will present a model that predicts student achievement on state standardized tests in the Cleveland Metropolitan School District. After developing a well-specified model, the model and explanatory factors will be evaluated for potential contributions to the literature.

It is the purpose of this paper to aid researchers and district policy makers to better understand what factors significantly contribute to student achievement, and, possibly, how to improve the quality of education Cleveland students receive."


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