Document Type


Publication Title

Journal of Urban History

Publication Date



Analyzes connections between the Southern aristocracy and the elite of Philadelphia in the antebellum period. The two groups shared class interests that Southerners found more compatible than association with their parochial, rural countrymen. Privileged Southerners preferred an atmosphere both urban and urbane, which they found in Northern cities, especially Philadelphia, where they toured the city's prisons, parks, and museums, and sampled its fleshpots. In doing so, they shared a class attitude of exclusivity that disparaged local and country life in favor of a cohesive national elite. The bonds of class even held against the upheavals preceding the Civil War and to some degree endured despite that conflict.


Parts presented to the annual meeting of the Southern Historical Association, November 13, 1998.

Published version:

Kilbride, Daniel. The Cosmopolitan South:Privileged southerners, Philadelphia, and the fashionable tour in the antebellum era. Journal of Urban History, Vol. 26 No. 5, July 2000 563-59.

© 2000 Sage Publications, Inc.

DOI: 10.1177/009614420002600501